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World History

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A thumbnail for: 1900 - Present: The Recent Past
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1900 – Present: The Recent Past

You cannot properly understand current world events without understanding the history of the 20th Century. This topic takes us on a journey from the end of Imperialism through two world wars and the Cold War and brings us to our modern world.
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Beginning of World War I

Called the Great War (before World War II came about), World War I was the bloody wake-up call that humanity was entering into a new stage of civilization. Really the defining conflict that took Europe from 19th Century Imperial states that saw heroism in war into a modern shape. Unforunately, it had to go through World War II as well (that some would argue was due to imbalances created by World War I).

Blockades and American Entry

Naval blockades in World War I to starve enemy nation of trade. Contrary to what many think, American entry into WWI was not due purely to the sinking of the Lusitania. Learn more about what caused the United States to play its first major direct role in a European conflict.

Other fronts of World War I

Contrary to what some history books and movies would have you believe, World War I was not just fought on the Western and/or Eastern fronts. Because of the empires involved, it was a truly global conflict. This tutorial will cover some of the campaigns that your history book might not (but are important to understanding the War).

World War I shapes the Middle East

The Middle East is a center of cultures, religions, and, unfortunately, conflict in our modern world. This tutorial takes us from a declining Ottoman Empire to the modern Middle East which is still the center of many religions, cultures and conflicts.

Ottoman Empire and Turkey

The end of World War I would mean the end of the centuries-old Ottoman Empire (which had been in decline since the 18th Century). Along the way, we’ll also look at some of the major military campaigns involving the Ottomans during World War I. We finish in the aftermath of the war with the independence of Turkey.

Aftermath of World War I

World war I (or the Great War) was a defining event for the 20th Century. It marked the end (or beginning of the end) of centuries-old empires and the dawn-of newly independent states based on ethnic and linguistic commonality. It didn’t just change the face of Europe, it changed the face of the world. From the Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles, we’ll see how the end of World War I may have been just the set up for even more conflict in Europe and the world.

World War I Quiz

Test your comprehension of the causes, dynamics and aftermath of World War I (as covered in the tutorials in this topic) by taking this quiz.

Rise of Hitler and the Nazis

How did the National Socialists (Nazis) go from being a tiny, marginal party in the early 1920s to having full control of Germany and catalyzing World War II? Who was Hitler and what was his philosophy and how did he come to power?

Rise of Mussolini and Fascism

The word “Fascist” is now a pejorative term (“pejorative” means “negative” or “derogatory”) to describe leaders or states that have absolute control and are aggressively nationalistic. The terms “fascism” and “fascist”, however, were first embraced by Benito Mussolini in Italy in the 1920s and 1930s to describe their party and policies (that were absolutist and aggressively nationalistic). This tutorial described Mussolini and the Fascists’ rapid rise to power and the influence it had on the rest of the world (including providing a model for Hitler in Germany).

The Cold War

The cold war between the United States and the Soviet and their respective allies never involved direct conflict (which might have ended the world). Instead, it involved posturing, brinksmanship and proxy wars in far-flung regions of the world.
You cannot properly understand current world events without understanding the history of the 20th Century. This topic takes us on a journey from the end of Imperialism through two world wars and the Cold War and brings us to our modern world.
A thumbnail for: 1700-1900: Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution
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1700-1900: Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution

Do we need kings? Can people govern themselves? What rights do we all have? Can science and understanding uplift all of humanity? This topic lays the foundation for our modern thinking about the world. From democratic revolutions to the establishment of empires backed by industrial power.
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French Revolution

“Let them eat cake!” “No, how about we cut your head off instead!” The French Revolution was ugly, bloody and idealistic. This tutorial covers the beginning of the end of the Bourbon rule (actually doesn’t really go away for 60 years) and birth of France as a Republic (which will really take about 80 years).

Napoleon Bonaparte

A man with such a huge “Napoleonic complex”, that they named it after him. A military genius with a ginormous ego, some people consider him a hero or a tyrant or both. France has successfully overthrown Louis XVI in 1789. It has gone through a many-year period of bloodshed and instability. The monarch’s of Europe are not happy about this “overthrow-your-king” business. A 5’6” Corsican establishes himself as a strong military tactician during the wars with other European powers and soon comes to power in France. This tutorial covers the rise and fall of one of the most famous men in all of history: Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I).

France’s many revolutions and republics

Unlike the American Revolution which fairly cleanly transitioned the United States from British rule to a republic, France’s process of democratization was much longer and more painful. This tutorial gives a scaffold of that (and gives some context for the book/musical/movie “Les Miserables”).

Haitian Revolution

Yes, you are right. Haiti is not in Europe. We put the tutorial here because it was a French colony and its own revolution is closely linked to that of France’s. Possibly one of the saddest histories that a nation can have, this tutorial tries to give as much context as possible for the birth of Haiti.
Do we need kings? Can people govern themselves? What rights do we all have? Can science and understanding uplift all of humanity? This topic lays the foundation for our modern thinking about the world. From democratic revolutions to the establishment of empires backed by industrial power.
A thumbnail for: 1500-1600: Renaissance & Reformation
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1500-1600: Renaissance & Reformation

The Protestant Reformation

In 1517 a German theologian and monk, Martin Luther, challenged the authority of the Pope and sparked the Protestant Reformation. His ideas spread quickly, thanks in part to the printing press. By challenging the power of the Church, and asserting the authority of individual conscience (it was increasingly possible for people to read the bible in the language that they spoke), the Reformation laid the foundation for the value that modern culture places on the individual.
A tutorial about the Protestant Reformation
A thumbnail for: Before 1300: Ancient and Medieval History
A thumbnail for: Surveys of History

Source:

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/history

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This entry was posted on June 15, 2013 by in General English, History, Online Courses, Social Science.
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